[November 19, 2022] November 19, over the years, has seen many significant events. I was thinking that U.S. President Abraham Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address in 1863 would be among the most famous. I have a few of the lines below. His speech was delivered during the American Civil War at the dedication of the Soldiers’ National Cemetery, and it remains one of the best-known speeches in American history. Four Score and Seven Years Ago …
“Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.” – the first paragraph of the 271-word speech by President Lincoln
Also on this date, in 1984, India’s Prime Minister Indira Gandhi – the Iron Lady of India – was assassinated by two of her bodyguards. Four months earlier, she had ordered the attack on Golden Temple at Amritsar, the Sikhs’ holiest shrine. Hundreds were killed in the attack. The bodyguards who killed her were Sikhs. Gandhi led her nation through some tough times.
Other interesting events:
- CBS bans a Calvin Klein jeans television ad featuring 15-year-old actress Brooke Shields as “too suggestive.” The ad featured Shields saying, “You want to know what comes between me and my Calvins? Nothing.”
- Ford discontinues the Edsel automobile. With fewer than 100,000 sold since its 1957 introduction, it is one of the most famous examples of bureaucratic failures in U.S. industry.
- Rocky and His Friends debuts on ABC. Rocket J. “Rocky” Squirrel’s “friends” included Boris Badenov, Natasha Fatale, and of course, Bullwinkle J. Moose. It drew a large adult audience, even though it was a cartoon (and a poorly animated one at that – even by the standards of the day).
- U.S. President James Garfield was assassinated by Charles J. Guiteau, who shot and mortally wounded Garfield at the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station in Washington, D.C. When Guiteau was purchasing the gun for the assassination, he chose one with pearl handles because he thought it would look better in a museum. Ironically, the gun has since been lost.
- U.S. Vice President Richard Johnson (under Martin van Buren) died on this date in 1780. He is the only vice president elected by the U.S. Senate under the provisions of the Twelfth Amendment. Johnson claimed he personally killed the Shawnee chief Tecumseh during the Battle of the Thames.
- And finally, on this date, Christopher Columbus in 1493 discovered Puerto Rico on his second voyage to the New World. Oh, am I allowed to write that?
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